Applying Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT) to Crisis Termination Dynamics of South Asia: An Assessment of Actor Roles and Responses

Authors

  • Muhammad Shareh Qazi Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of the Punjab

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.57169/jssa.009.02.0254

Keywords:

Strategic Stability, South Asia, Crisis termination, Situational Crisis Communication Theory, Pulwama-Balakot

Abstract

By applying principles of situational crisis communication theory (SCCT), this research explains crisis termination in follow-up of Operation Swift Retort. India’s introduction of surgical strikes, coupled with military mobilisation, has further raised questions on deterrence equilibrium and strategic stability in South Asia. This research establishes that crisis termination after 2019 rests on how each player responds to change in strategic or doctrinal positions of the other. It also explains that Pulwama-Balakot crisis was an ideal test case for SCCT as both states were able to terminate an otherwise escalation-intensive environment into termination of crisis without significant escalation. This research also suggests how SCCT can be used in tandem with attribution theory to identify reasons for inadvertent escalation and how SCCT can be an effective tool in eliminating such tendencies in the future. This research identifies factors and reasons behind inadvertent escalation and inability of actors to engage in crisis termination and effective communication. Trust deficit and unilateral alterations to status quo, doctrinal and posture-orientation, are some of the factors explained in this research by applying SCCT. This research concludes that SCCT can be used as a tool to understand through the lens of Operation Swift Retort and process of crisis termination thereof.

JSSA Vol 9 No. 2

Downloads

Published

2024-01-16

How to Cite

Qazi, Muhammad Shareh. 2024. “Applying Situational Crisis Communication Theory (SCCT) to Crisis Termination Dynamics of South Asia: An Assessment of Actor Roles and Responses”. Journal of Security &Amp; Strategic Analyses 9 (2):23-39. https://doi.org/10.57169/jssa.009.02.0254.